Psychological Testing

Psychological tests are objective and standardized measures of a sample of behavior. Psychological tests are objective in how they are administered and scored. Psychological tests are used in a variety of settings like educational settings, clinical settings, organizational settings, and research settings. There are five major categories of psychological tests:

  • Achievement tests
    • Measure learning in a specific academic area
    • Examples: ACT, GRE, tests in school
  • Personality tests
    • Used to diagnose personality disorders (clinical) or describe a person (non-clinical)
    • Examples: Woodworth Personal Data Sheet (objective), MMPI (objective), NEO-PI-3 (objective), EPPS (objective), Rorschach Inkblot Test (projective), Thematic Apperception Test (projective)

Rorschach Inkblot Test Example Card

  • Interests and attitudes
    • Used for career development
    • Examples: Strong Interest Inventory, Holland-based tools, CareerLocker Assessment Tools, MBTI Career Report, Career Genogram

Strong Interest Inventory Categories

  • Neuropsychological tests
    • Measures brain functioning in clinical settings
    • Examples: Halstead-Reitan Neuropsychological Battery, Mini-Mental State Exam (MMSE), Wisconsin Card Sorting Test, Bender Visual-Motor Gestalt Test

Wisconsin Card Sorting Test Example. You have to figure out if the sorting rule is by color, shape, or number.

  • Mental ability tests
    • Measures intelligence (IQ), creativity, and problem-solving
    • Used in screening for learning disabilities and giftedness
    • Examples: Stanford-Binet, WAIS

Hogan, T. P. (2013). Psychological testing: A practical introduction. (Third Edition). Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley and Sons.